Professor Martin Jones, All Publications by Year, 1994-2017

2017

Goodwin M, Jones M and Jones R (2017) Rescaling the State: Devolution and the Geographies of Economic Governance (Manchester University Press, Manchester) [paperback version of 2012 book, updated with 2017 preface, being published in June]

Riding J and Jones M (2017) (eds) Reanimating Regions: Culture, Politics, Performance (Routledge, London) [being published in May]

Jones M (2017) “A new new regional geography” in J Riding and M Jones (eds) Riding J and Jones M (eds) Reanimating Regions:Culture, Politics, Performance (Routledge, London)

Beel D, Jones M and Jones IR (2017) “City-region building and geohistorical matters” in Riding J and Jones M (eds) Reanimating Regions: Culture, Politics, Performance (Routledge, London)

Beel D, Jones M and Jones IR (2017) “Regionalisation and civil society in a time of austerity: the cases of Manchester and Sheffield” in C Berry and A Giovannini (eds) Developing England’s North: The Northern Powerhouse, Devolution and the Political Economy of Place (Palgrave, London) [being published in June]

Jones M (2017) “New localism, new localities …” in I Deas and S Hincks (eds) Territorial Policy and Governance: Alternative Paths (Routledge, London)

Jones M (2017) “Regional Geography” in D Richardson et al (ed) The International Encyclopedia of Geography (AAG and Wiley Blackwell, Washington)

Jones M (2017) “Regulation” in D Richardson et al (ed) The International Encyclopedia of Geography (AAG and Wiley Blackwell, Washington)

Jones M (2017) “Regionalism” in AM Orum (ed) The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Urban and Regional Studies (Wiley Blackwell, London) [being published in November]

Etherington D and Jones M (2017) Devolution, Austerity and Inclusive Growth in Greater Manchester: Assessing Impacts and Developing Alternatives (CEEDR, Middlesex University, Hendon) [being published in May]

Beel D, Jones M, Jones IR and Escadale W (2017) “Connected Growth: developing a framework to drive inclusive growth across a city-region” Local Economy [being published in November]


2016
Jones M, Orford S, and Macfarlane V (eds) (2016) People/Places/Policy: Knowing Contemporary Wales through New Localities (Routledge, London)

Beel D, Jones M, Jones IR (2016) “Regulation, governance and agglomeration: missing links in city region research” Regional Studies, Regional Science 3, 509-530

Etherington D and Jones M (2016) “The city-region chimera: the political economy of metagovernance failure in Britain” Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society 9, 371-389

Etherington D and Jones M (2016) “City-regions, growth and inequality” published submission to Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, Select Committee on the Northern Powerhouse and Midlands Engine

Jones M (2016) “Polymorphic political geographies” Territory, Politics, Governance 4, 1-7

Jones M (2016) “Phase space: geography, relational thinking, and beyond” in P Merriman (ed) Space: Critical Concepts in Geography (Routledge, London)

Jessop B, Brenner N, and Jones M (2016) “Theorizing sociospatial relations” in P Merriman (ed) Space: Critical Concepts in Geography (Routledge, London)

Jones M, Macfarlane V and Orford S (2016) “Introducing WISERD localities” in M Jones , S Orford , and V Macfarlane (eds) People, Places, Policy: Knowing Contemporary Wales through New Localities (Routledge, London)

Jones M, Orford S, Heley J, Macfarlane V and Woods M (2016) “New localities in action and reaction” in M Jones , S Orford , and V Macfarlane (eds) People, Places, Policy: Knowing Contemporary Wales through New Localities (Routledge, London)

Etherington D and Jones M (2016) Devolution and Disadvantage in the Sheffield City Region: An Assessment of Employment, Skills, and Welfare Policies (Sheffield Solutions, University of Sheffield, Sheffield)


2015

Jones M and Paasi A (eds) (2015) Regional Worlds: Advancing the Geography of Regions (Routledge, London)

Jones M, Jones R, Woods M, Whitehead M, Dixon D, and Hannah M (2015) An Introduction to Political Geography: Space, Place and Politics (Routledge, London) second edition

Jones M (2015) “City-region building and geohistorical matters: new new localism and the new new regionalism” Nordia 44, 21-27

Jones M and Paasi A (2015) “Regional world(s): advancing the geography of regions” in Jones M and Paasi A (eds) (2015) Regional Worlds (Routledge, London)

Jones M and Woods M (2015) “New localities” in Jones M and Paasi A (eds) (2015) Regional Worlds (Routledge, London)

 

2014

Jones M (2014) “Kapoorian geographies of relationality: the Baroque, topological twists, phase space in action” Environment and Planning A 26, 2585-2603

Jones M (2014) “Editorial: Territory, politics , and relational autonomy” Territory, Politics, Governance 2, 109-114

2013


Jones M and Paasi A (2013) “Regional World(s): advancing the geography of regions” Regional Studies 47, 1-127 [edited journal special issue]
Jones M and Woods M (2013) “New localities” Regional Studies 47, 29-42

Jones M and Paasi A (2013) “Guest editorial: Regional world(s): advancing the geography of regions” Regional Studies 47, 1-5 

Jones M (2013) “It’s like déjà vu, all over again” in M Ward and S Hardy (eds) Where Next for Local Enterprise Partnerships (Smith Institute, London)

Jones M (2013) “Polymorphic spatial politics: tales from a grassroots regional movement” in W Nicholls, J Beaumont and B Miller (eds) Spaces of Contention (Ashgate, Aldershot)

2012

Goodwin M, Jones M and Jones R (2012) Rescaling the State: Devolution and the Geographies of Economic Governance (Manchester University Press, Manchester)

Merriman P, Jones M, Olsson G, Sheppard E, Thrift N, and Tuan Y-F (2012) “Space and spatiality in theory” Dialogues in Human Geography 2, 3-22

Heley J and Jones M (2012) “Devolution in Wales – fiddling with spatial governance while the economy burns” in M Ward and S Hardy (eds) Changing Gear – is Localism the New Regionalism? (Smith Institute, London)

Jessop B, Brenner N and Jones M (2012) “Theorizing sociospatial relations” in S Elden, TJ Barnes, M Batty, RJ Bennett, J Peck, N Thrift, and PA Longley (eds) Environment and Planning: Volume 4 (Sage, London)

2011

MacLeod G and Jones M (2011) “Renewing urban politics” Urban Studies 48, 12, 2443-2685 [edited journal special issue]

MacLeod G and Jones M (2011) “Renewing urban politics” Urban Studies 48, 2443-2472

Etherington D and Jones M (2011) “City-regions: new geographies of uneven development and inequality” in M Neuman and A Hull (eds) The Futures of the City Region (Routledge, London)

Jones M (2011) “The local in the global” in A Leyshon, R Lee, L McDowell and P Sunley (eds) The Sage Handbook of Economic Geography (Sage, London)

Jones M and MacLeod G (2011) “Territorial/relational: conceptualizing spatial economic governance” in A Pike, A Rodrigues-Pose and J Tomaney (eds) Handbook of Local and Regional Development (Routledge, London)

Hardy S and Jones M (2011) “Policy rethink: multi-dimensional governance” Regional Review 22, 71

2010
Jones M and Jessop B (2010) “Thinking state/space incompossibly” Antipode 42, 1119-1149

Jones M (2010) “Impedimenta state: anatomies of neoliberal penality” Criminology and Criminal Justice 10, 391-402

Jones M (2010) “Limits to ‘thinking space relationally’” International Journal of Law in Context 6, 243-255

2009


Jones M (2009) “Phase space: geography, relational thinking, and beyond” Progress in Human Geography 33, 487-506

Etherington D and Jones M (2009) “City-regions: new geographies of uneven development and inequality” Regional Studies 43, 247-265

Jones M and Etherington D (2009) “Governing the skills agenda: insights from the Sheffield city-region” Local Economy 24, 68-79

Jones M (2009) “Political Geography: State” in R Kitchin and N Thrift (eds) International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, Volume 10 (Elsevier, Oxford)

MacLeod G and Jones M (2009) “Territorial, scalar, networked, connected: In what sense a ‘regional world’?” in A Pike (ed) Whither Regional Studies? (Routledge, London)

2008

Jessop B, Brenner N, and Jones M (2008) “Theorizing sociospatial relations” Environment and Planning D 26, 381-401

Jones M (2008) “Recovering a sense of political economy” Political Geography 27, 377-399

Watkin S and Jones M (2008) “21st Century employment and training in the countryside? The rural ‘New Deal’ experience” in M Woods (ed) New Labour’s Countryside: Rural Policy in Britain Since 1997 (Policy Press, Bristol)

2007


Whitehead M, Jones R and Jones M (2007) The Nature of the State: Excavating the Political Ecologies of the Modern State (Oxford University Press, Oxford)  

MacLeod G and Jones M (2007) “Territorial, scalar, networked, connected: In what sense a ‘regional world’?” Regional Studies 41, 1177-1191

Jones M (2007) “Regional initiatives and responses” in I Douglas, R Huggett and C Perkins (eds) Companion Encyclopaedia to Geography: From Local to Global (Routledge, London)    

2006


Goodwin M, Jones M and Jones R (2006) “Devolution and economic governance in the UK: Rescaling territories and organisations” European Planning Studies 14, 979-995

Whitehead M, Jones M and Jones R (2006) “Spatializing the ecological Leviathan: The production of regional natures in the UK” Geografiska Annaler: Series B—Human Geography 88, 49-65 

Goodwin M, Jones M and Jones R (2006) “The Northern Ireland economy—developing economic development structures” in P Carmichael, C Knox and R Osborne (eds) Devolution and Constitutional Change in Northern Ireland (Manchester University Press, Manchester)  

Goodwin M, Jones M and Jones R (2006) “The theoretical challenge of devolution and constitutional change in Britain” in M Tewdwr-Jones and P Allmendinger (eds) Territory, Identity and Space: Spatial Governance in a Fragmented Nation (Routledge, London) 

MacLeod G and Jones M (2006) “Mapping the geographies of UK devolution: institutional legacies, territorial fixes, network topologies”, in M Tewdwr-Jones and P Allmendinger (eds) Territory, Identity and Space: Spatial Governance in a Fragmented Nation (Routledge, London)

2005


Goodwin M, Jones M, Jones R (2005) “Devolution and economic governance” Regional Studies 39, 397-553 [edited journal special issue]

Jones M, Goodwin M, and Jones R (2005) “State modernization, devolution and economic governance: An introduction and guide to debate” Regional Studies 39, 397-403

Goodwin M, Jones M, and Jones R (2005) “Devolution, constitutional change and economic
development: Explaining and understanding the new institutional geographies of the British state” Regional Studies 39, 421-436

Jones R, Goodwin M, Jones M, and Pett K (2005) “Filling in the state: Economic governance and the evolution of devolution in Wales” Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 23, 337-360

Jones M (2005) “Geografie van regionalisering en regionalisme [geographies of regionalisation and regionalism]” AGORA: Tijdschrift voor Sociaal-Ruimtelijke Vraagstukken 21, 37-39  

Jones M and MacLeod G (2005) “Regional spaces, spaces of regionalism: Territory, insurgent politics and the English question” in I Sagan and H Halkier (eds) Regionalism Contested: Institution, Society and Territorial Governance (Ashgate, Aldershot)

2004

Jones M, Jones R and Woods M (2004) An Introduction to Political Geography: Space, Place and Politics (Routledge, London) first edition

Jones R, Goodwin M, Jones M, and Simpson G (2004) “Devolution, state personnel and the production of new territories of governance in the UK” Environment and Planning A 36, 89-109

Etherington D and Jones M (2004) “Beyond contradictions of the workfare state: Denmark, welfare-through-work, and the promise of job-rotation” Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 22, 129-148

Etherington D and Jones M (2004) “Whatever happened to local government? Local labour market policy in the UK and Denmark” Policy and Politics 32, 137-50

Jones M and Ward K (2004) “Capitalist development and crisis theory: Towards a fourth-cut” Antipode 36, 497-511

Etherington D and Jones M (2004) “Welfare-through-work and the re-regulation of labour markets in Denmark” Capital and Class 83, 19-45

Jones M and Jones R (2004) “Nation states, ideological power and globalisation: can geographers catch the boat?” Geoforum 35, 409-424

Jones M and MacLeod G (2004) “Regional spaces, spaces of regionalism: Territory, insurgent politics and the English question” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 29, 433-452

Jones M (2004) “Social justice and the region: functional regionalization and civil society regionalism in England” Space and Polity 8, 157-189

Jones M (2004) “The regional state and economic regulation: Regional regeneration or political mobilisation?” in A Wood and D Valler (eds) Governing Local and Regional Economies: Institutions, Politics and Economic Development (Ashgate, Aldershot)   

Jones M and Ward K (2004) “Neo-liberalism, crisis, and the city? The political economy of New Labour’s urban policy” in C Johnstone and M Whitehead (eds) New Horizons in British Urban Policy: Perspectives on New Labour's Urban Renaissance (Ashgate, Aldershot)      

Jones M (2004) “Baseline data and intelligence on the learning and labour markets in Wales: Stakeholder perspectives” Report to National Council for Education and Training for Wales (ELWa, Bedwas)

2003


Brenner N, Jessop B, Jones M and MacLeod G (2003) (Eds) State/Space: A Reader (Blackwell, Oxford) 
Jones M (2003) “Review of critical economic governance” Local Economy, 18, 272-274

Goodwin M, Jones M, and Jones R (2003) “Constitutional change and economic governance: Territories and institutions” in S Hardy and L Bibby-Larsen (eds) Economic Governance Post-Devolution: Differentiation or Convergence? (Regional Studies Association, London)

Brenner N, Jessop B, Jones M, and MacLeod G (2003) “Introduction: State space in question” in Brenner N, Jessop B, Jones M, and MacLeod G (eds) State/Space: A Reader (Blackwell, Oxford)

Jones M (2003) “Critical realism, critical discourse analysis, concrete research” in JM Roberts and J Joseph (eds) Realism, Discourse and Deconstruction (Routledge, London)

Goodwin M, Jones M, and Jones R (2003) ‘Constitutional change and economic governance: Territories and institutions’ Project Report (L219252013) Economic and Social Research Council, Polaris House, North Star Avenue, Swindon

2002

Jones M and Ward K (2002) “Excavating the logic of British urban policy: Neoliberalism as the crisis of crisis-management” Antipode 34, 473-494  

Jones M (2002) “Stappenplan voor een stedelijke renaissance[In What Sense an Urban Renaissance]” AGORA: Tijdschrift voor Sociaal-Ruimtelijke Vraagstukken 18, 16-19  

Goodwin M, Jones M, Jones R, Simpson G, and Pett K (2002) “Devolution and economic governance in the UK: Uneven geographies, uneven capacities?” Local Economy 17, 200-215

Jones M and MacLeod G (2002) “Regional tensions: Constructing institutional cohesion?” In J Peck and K Ward (eds) City of Revolution: Restructuring Manchester (Manchester University Press, Manchester)

Jones M and Ward K (2002) “Excavating the logic of British urban policy: Neoliberalism as the crisis of crisis-management” in N Brenner and N Theodore (eds) Spaces of Neoliberalism: Urban Restructuring in North America and Western Europe (Blackwell, Oxford)

Jones M and Ward K (2002) “Urban policy under capitalism: Towards a ‘fourth-cut’ theory of crisis” Spatial Policy Analysis Working Paper 50, University of Manchester, School of Geography 

2001

MacLeod G and Jones M (2001) “Renewing the geography of regions” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 19, 669-695

Jones M (2001) “The rise of the regional state in economic governance: ‘Partnerships for prosperity’ or new scales of state power?” Environment and Planning A 33, 1185-1211 

Jones M and Gray A (2001) “Social capital, or local workfarism? Reflections on Employment Zones” Local Economy 16, 178-186 

Jones M (2001) “An interpretation of shifts within the governance of training policy in England and Wales’ in A Macononchie and S Hardy (ed) Regionalising the Knowledge Economy (Regional Studies Association, London)

Jones M (2001) “Time to overhaul the National Training Organisations’ Working Brief— Journal of the Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion 120, 16-19

2000


Haughton G, Jones M, Peck J, Tickell A, and While A (2000) “Labour market policy as flexible welfare: Prototype Employment Zones and the new workfarism” Regional Studies 34, 669-680  

Goodwin M, Kay D, Buckley S, Jones M and Whitehead M (2000) “Regional strategies scoping study — Wales” Report to the National Assembly for Wales (National Assembly for Wales, Cardiff)

Haughton G, Peck J, Tickell A, Jones M, Littlewood S, and While A (2000) Prototype Employment Zones: A Qualitative and Contextual Evaluation (DfEE, London)

1999

Jones M (1999) New Institutional Spaces: Training and Enterprise Councils and the Remaking of Economic Governance (Routledge, London)

Jones M and MacLeod G (1999) “Towards a regional renaissance? Reconfiguring and rescaling England’s economic governance” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 24, 295-313

MacLeod G and Jones M (1999) “Re-regulating a regional rustbelt: Institutional fixes, entrepreneurial discourses, and the politics of representation” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 17, 575-605

Ward K and Jones M (1999) “Researching local elites: Reflexivity, situatedness, and political-temporal contingency” Geoforum 30, 301-312

Jones M (1999) “Evaluation of prototype Employment Zones: North West Wales qualitative and contextual study” Final Report to the Employment Service (Employment Service, Sheffield)

Haughton G, Peck J, Jones M, Littlewood S, Tickell A and While A (1999) “Partner and client reactions to the consultation paper on fully-fledged Employment Zones” Report to the Employment Service (Employment Service, Sheffield)  

Haughton G, Peck J, Jones M, Allemendinger P, Littlewood S, Tickell A and While A (1999) “Prototype Employment Zones: Identifying and addressing recruitment problems” Report to the Employment Service (Employment Service, Sheffield)  

1998

Jones M (1998) “Restructuring the local state: Economic governance or social regulation?” Political Geography 17, 959-988

Jones M and Ward K (1998) “Grabbing grants? The role of coalitions in urban economic development” Local Economy, 13, 28-39

Jones M (1998) “Partnerships as models of economic governance: A regulationist perspective” in Walzer N and Jacobs B (Eds) Public-Private Partnerships for Local Economic Development (Praeger, Westport)

Etherington D and Jones M (1998) “Negotiated governance: Welfare through work as an alternative to workfare’ in A Pike and D Sobers (eds) Integrated Approaches to Local and Regional Development Planning Policy (Regional Studies Association, London)

MacLeod G and Jones M (1998) “Re-regulating a regional rustbelt: Institutional fixes, entrepreneurial discourse, and the politics of representation” Spatial Policy Analysis Working Paper 40, University of Manchester, School of Geography  

1997

Jones M (1997) “Spatial selectivity of the state? The regulationist enigma and local struggles over economic governance” Environment and Planning A 29, 831-864 

Jones M (1997) “Skills revolution? Sorry, wrong number” Local Economy 11, 290-298

Jones M (1997) “The degradation of labour market programmes” Critical Social Policy 17, 91-104

Jones M and Ward K (1997) ‘Crisis and disorder in British local economic governance: Business Link and the Single Regeneration Budget’ Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management 5, 154-165

Jones M (1997) “Implementing Labour’s new deal: Lessons from the policy past” in S Hardy (eds) Community Economic Development: Linking the Grassroots to Regional Economic Development (Regional Studies Association, London)

Jones M (1997) “Regions have their say on development agencies” Working Brief— Journal of the Unemployment Unit and Youth Aid, 87, 11-13 

Jones M (1997) “Will Business Link stay afloat?” Working Brief— Journal of the Unemployment Unit and Youth Aid 83, 9-11

Jones M (1997) “Voluntarism is failing to generate training investment” Working Brief— Journal of the Unemployment Unit and Youth Aid, 81, 9-11

Bewick T and Jones M (1997) “The role of further education colleges in skills training” Report to the Further Education Development Agency (FEDA, London)

Jones M (1997) “A big stick and a small carrot?” Training Tomorrow 11 (November) 5-6

Jones M (1997) “Take the money and run?” Training and Employment Network—News, 14-16

Jones M (1997) “Learning under Labour” Training Tomorrow 11 (February) 4-6

1996

Jones M (1996) “Full steam ahead to a workfare state? Analysing the UK Employment Department’s abolition” Policy and Politics 24, 137-157

Jones M (1996) “Business Links: A critical commentary” Local Economy 10, 71-78

Jones M (1996) “Opening up TECs: Implications of the TEC National Council accountability framework” Local Government Policy Making 23, 59-64

Jones M (1996) “TEC policy failure: Evidence from the baseline follow-up studies” Regional Studies 30, 509-515

Jones M (1996) “New-style chambers for Britain: A critical review” Regional Studies 30, 194-199

Jones M and Ward K (1996) “Are we doing the (un)important? Access, positionality and political-temporal contingency in local elite research” Business Elites and Urban Politics Working Paper 6, University of Manchester, School of Geography   

Jones M and Ward K (1996) “Crisis and disorder in British local economic development: Business Link and the Single Regeneration Budget” Spatial Policy Analysis Working Paper 36, University of Manchester, School of Geography  

Jones M (1996) “The trouble with Business Link” in Trade and Industry Committee Fifth Report, Business Link Volume ii: Memorandum (HMSO, London)

Jones M (1996) “TECs and local accountability: Options for reform” Local Government Information Unit, Reforming the Quango State 2, LGIU, London

Jones M (1996) “Training in urgent need of quality assurance” Working Brief —Journal of the Unemployment Unit and Youth Aid 71, 13-16

Jones M (1996) “TECs in crisis: New evidence of their modest contribution” Working Brief —Journal of the Unemployment Unit and Youth Aid 73, 16-19

Jones M (1996) “Resolving the TEC crisis: Why easing financial controls isn’t the answer” Working Brief—Journal of the Unemployment Unit and Youth Aid 74, 14-19

Jones M (1996) “Changes planned in US job law hold implications for Britain” Working Brief —Journal of the Unemployment Unit and Youth Aid 75, 14-21

Jones M (1996) “DfEE hides behind rhetoric in defence of line on TECs” Working Brief— Journal of the Unemployment Unit and Youth Aid 76, 7-10

Jones M (1996) “Investors in People: Labour’s corner stone or dead weight?” Working Brief— Journal of the Unemployment Unit and Youth Aid 77, 22-25

Jones M (1996) “Is Business Link suffering from teething problems or policy failure?” Working Brief— Journal of the Unemployment Unit and Youth Aid 78, 4-7

Jones M (1996) “TEC the money and run?” Working Brief— Journal of the Unemployment Unit and Youth Aid 79, 16-18

Jones M (1996) “TECs: A guide to the debate and some options for reform” IMA Agenda August 3-5

1995

Jones M (1995) “Training and Enterprise Councils: A continued search for local flexibility” Regional Studies 29, 577-580

Peck J and Jones M (1995) “Training and Enterprise Councils: Schumpeterian workfare state, or what?” Environment and Planning A 27, 1361-1396

Jones M (1995) “TECs surpluses and output-related funding” Working Brief—Journal of the Unemployment Unit and Youth Aid 63, 8-9

Jones M (1995) “TEC accountability on the agenda” Working Brief— Journal of the Unemployment Unit and Youth Aid 64, 1-4

Jones M (1995) “Business Link and new-style chambers of commerce: A continuance of the economic development and democracy crisis” Local Work 67, Centre for Local Economic Strategies, Manchester

Jones M (1995) “New-style chambers of commerce proposed” Working Brief —Journal of the Unemployment Unit and Youth Aid 69, 15-17

Jones M (1995) “Business Links in trouble” Working Brief — Journal of the Unemployment Unit and Youth Aid 66, 20-21

Jones M (1995) “TECs, text and territoriality: Critical discourse analysis and local governance” Spatial Policy Analysis Working Paper 35, University of Manchester, School of Geography  

Jones M (1995) “Spatial selectivity of the state? The regulationist enigma and local struggles over economic governance” Spatial Policy Analysis Working Paper 32, University of Manchester, School of Geography  

Tickell A and Jones M (1995) “TECs and their boards: Sandwell TEC case study” Report to the Employment Department (Employment Department, Sheffield) 

Peck J and Jones M (1995) “TECs and their boards: South and East Cheshire TEC case study” Report to the Employment Department (Employment Department, Sheffield) 

1994

Peck J and Jones M (1994) “TECs and their non-employer stakeholders: North Nottinghamshire TEC case study” Report to the Employment Department (Employment Department, Sheffield)

Peck J and Jones M (1994) “TECs and their non-employer stakeholders: MetroTEC (Wigan) case study” Report to the Employment Department (Employment Department, Sheffield)