Financial Statements

What income do we generate and what does the money get spent on?

A detailed breakdown of the University's income and expenditure for 2015/16 can be seen below.

 

Income

Graph showing a breakdown of the 2015/16 income of £113.9M. Shows: £84.9M Academic fees and education contracts, £13.2M Funding Council grants, £1.2M Research grants and contracts, £6.1M Residencies, catering and conferences, £5.4M Consultancy/self financing fees, £0.8M Other rents / lettings, £1.9M other income and £0.5M Endowment income and interest receivable.

Income is generated through different activities which mainly include academic tuition fees, government grants, consultancy, research and commercial income such as conferences, catering, accommodation and nurseries.
 

Expenditure

Expenditure (costs) is incurred for a variety of reasons, whilst always putting students at the heart of everything we do.  As you will see below and would expect, staff costs are the sector's biggest expenditure. Staff costs are paid for by all income streams. Some staff are appointed for fixed periods of time to do work on a specific project whilst the majority of staff, particularly professors and lecturers are funded from a combination of grants, tuition fees and contributions from externally funded activities such as research and consultancy. We have no zero hour contracts and a very small amount of casual staff.

Graph showing a breakdown of the 2015/16 expenditure showing: £62.4M Staff costs Inc FRS 102 pension adjustment, £9.4M depreciation, £35.7M other operating expenses, £4.9M Interest payable and other Finance Costs Inc FRS102 pension adjustment.2015-16 expenditure.

Other operating expenses

Bar graph showing percentage of 'other operating expenses' for 2015/16, including admin at 25%, bursaries and Student Union at 4%, premises at 22%, academic departments and services at 48%

Other operating expenses mainly include the running costs in maintaining our estate and providing a service, utility bills, bursaries to students, payments to the Students' Union and our partner colleges, library costs including books and periodicals, teaching equipment, software licenses, subscriptions, post, project costs, telephones, printing costs, catering and accommodation costs. These are the largest spend items.

Depreciation  is a non-cash expense that reduces the value of an asset over time. It is a charge to the Income and Expenditure account due to a reduction in the value of an asset in the balance sheet over time, in particular to wear and tear and the useful life of the asset. These fixed assets mainly include buildings and significant spend on larger items such as major refurbishments in relation to teaching rooms and laboratory upgrades, larger and more expensive items of teaching equipment, network upgrades and computer equipment. 

We have over the past five years spent £80m on capital projects.  

Types of spend

Graphic displaying types of spend in recent years.

 

Types of spend in recent years.

How are Universities Governed?

Universities set out and operate under financial regulations, the main purpose of which is to provide assurance that the institution:

  • is financially viable and sustainable

  • has effective financial controls over the use of public funds and other funds

  • complies with relevant legislation

  • safeguards its assets

  • achieves value for money

Staffordshire University's financial regulations provide a framework within with a reliable system of internal control may operate.  they seek to make certain that responsibilities outlines above can be sustained through the establishment of a system of management controls designed to ensure that the University conducts is activities in an efficient and well-ordered manner.  You can explore more by clicking on the link to Staffordshire University's Financial Regulations.

University business is further outlined in the attached statement;  How are Universities Governed?

 

Financial Statements

Annual Accounts provide useful information about our performance to all our Stakeholders. They are checked by auditors as being a true and fair view of our financial performance. The accounts are produced within set guidelines and rules.  Annual Accounts mainly include a chair of governors report, corporate governance, financial statements which include Income and Expenditure, Balance Sheet, Cash flow and notes to the statements.  Our Company Accounts are finalised at the end of our financial year (31 July) and will be audited and published in approximately October/November each year:

 

Audits

All higher Education Institutes are autonomous and responsible for the management for their own affairs.  The governing body is responsible for directing and overseeing the Institution’s arrangements for internal and external audit.  Staffordshire University’s independent internal auditor is Price Waterhouse Cooper - providing objective assurance and consulting activity designed to add value and improve the University's operations.  It helps us to accomplish our objectives by bringing a systematic, disciplined approach to evaluate and improve the effectiveness of risk management, control, and governance processes (defined by The Institute of Internal Auditors).

Staffordshire University’s external auditors are KPMG.  An external audit is ‘a periodic examination of the books of account and records of an entity carried out by an independent third party (the auditor), to ensure that they have been properly maintained, are accurate and comply with established concepts, principles, accounting standards, legal requirements and give a true and fair view of the financial state of the entity.’ (Chartered Institute of Management Accountants).  One of the primary responsibilities for our auditors is to ensure they monitor the systems control and accountability of the financial and operational controls and carry out risk assessments.
 

Value for Money

Staffordshire University's policy of embedding value for money ideals- economy, efficiency and effectiveness - is embedded into everything we do.  Please find guidance (PDF, file size: 253.4KB) here.