Having got your degree there will be many industries and roles open to you to start your career. The most suitable areas for some of our degree subjects are explored below.
With a degree in Forensic Investigation, the main area of work that is most relevant is policing and crime. Some can be in very specific areas and others in a broader range of tasks.
Detective - If you thrive on challenges, enjoy problem solving and have a strong desire to keep people safe a career as a detective may suit you. A detective is an accredited police officer who works with more serious or complex crime. They work in specialist departments such as drugs, fraud, firearms, child protection, special branch (related to national security and international terrorism), or in the criminal investigations department (relates to suspicious deaths, robbery, domestic or racist abuse, and so on. Further professional training is required when starting to work in any of these specialist units; it is possible to transfer to different units over the course of your career. Not all specialisms are offered by every police force and there is strong competition for some.
Forensic computer analyst - If you have good analytical skills you could forge a successful career as a forensic computer analyst, tracing the steps of cybercrime. Your role as a forensic computer analyst will be to investigate data breaches, security incidents and criminal activity. You could be working for the police or other law enforcement agencies, or for a specialist computer forensic company or investigative team. Using a range of specialised methods and techniques, you'll retrieve and analyse data linked to a range of criminal activity, such as network intrusions, hacking, online fraud, political, industrial and commercial espionage, terrorist communication, theft of confidential information and the use of illegal images. For this particular role it may possibly be necessary to also have a masters is Forensic computing, or other related areas such as cyber security.
Scene of crime officers (SOCO’s), crime scene investigators (CSI’s), etc. - All these names refer to the same role. These are usually employed by the police force (despite not being police officers) or other Forensic companies that then work for the police. SOCO’s collect evidence from a crime scene which is then passed onto forensic laboratories and the Criminal Investigation Department, as generally SOCO’s do not investigate crimes or analyse the evidence themselves. Many employers ask for a degree and will expect you to have experience in police work or a related field, for example intelligence gathering and analysis.
Fingerprint Analyst - A fingerprint analyst is someone who analyses fingerprints collected at crime scenes. The job of fingerprint analyst generally requires at least a bachelor’s degree. It is recommended that this degree come in the science fields – chemistry or biology, preferably with a focus on forensics. A fingerprint analyst has to not only be familiar with scientific procedure and crime scene procedure – since the analyst is one of the first people on the scene after the first responders – but also must be able to understand the computer systems that are involved with the job. It is a unique combination of the two disciplines.
These are the occupations that most Forensic investigation students wish to pursue, however there are so many roles that could be related to this degree in some way, if not directly. It is also a possibility to go into Teaching, especially if a student decides to specialise in a certain aspect of forensics.
Studying an International security and co-operation degree equips you with analytical and methodological tools to be able to interpret the nature of International Security opening the door to many careers.
Communication Specialist - A job in the non-profit organisation that operates on a global scale can utilise the skills of an International Security masters. World Vision and the Red cross are key examples of organisations that require communication specialists to work on creating effective communication strategies, handling internal communications and writing content for social media networks. The average salary of a communications specialist is: £40,537 (Glass Door, 2019)
Diplomatic Service Office - As a diplomatic service office, the role would be based in the Foreign and Commonwealth office. The specialisation would be in diplomatic work and the delivery with foreign policy overseas. The responsibilities include proofreading reports, liaising with high commissions and embassies, handling and budgeting projects and analysing and interpreting material. The average salary of a diplomatic service officer is: £45,000 (Prospects, 2019).
International Aid/Development Worker - As a humanitarian aid worker, the role involves responding to emergency situations, helping those effected by natural and man-made disasters. Helping developing countries set up sustainable solutions and working across departments of education, sanitation and health. There is a broad spectrum of responsibilities and field this job covers which is subjective to the circumstance. The average salary of an International Aid/Development worker is: £25,000 (Prospects, 2018).
Another degree subject area that can lead to varying career paths is Criminology. Areas that you may be interested in as a graduate include:
There are many different careers that are available to you if you have a degree in biology. Many of these do not require further study or qualifications. These can be specific to your study area or more general, as the skills learnt in biology aren’t always biology specific.
Biotechnology - Biotechnologists typically study within their field of interest. As a biotechnologist you'll study the genetic, chemical and physical attributes of cells, tissues and organisms in order to develop new technologies, processes and products that will improve the quality of human life. The role involves manipulating living organisms or their components to design or enhance vaccines, medicines, energy efficiency or food productivity and safety. Large biotechnology companies tend to use the term biotechnologist as a job title. Others use titles such as laboratory technician, research assistant, genomic technologist, flow technologist or bioprocessing engineer. Salaries begin at £18K progressing to £60K with highly experienced roles.
Teaching - A career in teaching does require an additional year of training to receive a qualified teacher’s status (QTS) and a PGCE. As science teachers are in demand, biology, chemistry and physics receive a substantial bursary for the training. You can teach with all age groups, but be aware that teaching in primary, will require you teaching English and maths too. If you were interested in teaching further or higher education, you may consider studying to masters or PhD level before training as a teacher. Teaching science at secondary level can have a starting salary of £25K, whereas teaching in higher education can pay anything from £30K to £100K and over.
Biomedical Science - A biomedical scientist is responsible for human sample testing within NHS and private hospitals. You can specialise in specific sample types or stay unspecialised. You don’t always need to have achieved a degree in biomedical science to be a biomedical scientist, however you will need to be registered with the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC) to practice in UK hospitals. You will need to be very comfortable in laboratory situations and enjoy analytical work. Salaries within the NHS start at band 5, £22K. Private hospitals are likely to pay more.
Research - As a research biologist you will aim to develop knowledge of the world around us by studying living organisms. Careers in research provide the broadest scope of all careers with a biology degree, as research can be conducted across all specializations. Most common is research within the medical and life sciences, covering areas such as health and disease, neurology, genomics, microbiology and pharmacology. Researchers are usually hired by universities, so you may be required to teach some sessions within the department. Salaries average around £35K.
Pharmacology - A career in pharmacology is not restricted to manufacture and supply of medications, but also sales, clinical trials, research and development and marketing. Roles in research will require strong analytical and research skills, attention to detail and excellent presentation and communication skills, whereas sales and marketing are not specific to degree disciplines with some companies preferring business related degrees. Work experience is extremely valuable when applying for these roles. Salaries start around £20K progressing towards £100K with experience and qualifications.
Environmental Biology - An environmental biologist’s aim is to conserve and sustain the full spectrum of the world’s organisms, for future generations. As an environmental biologist you will be interested in solving environmental problems and helping to protect natural resources and plant and animal wildlife. Biologists studying in this area carry out recovery programs for endangered species and provide education for the general public. Hiring industries include charities and not-for-profit organizations, government and the public sector and ecological consultancies. You could earn on average £28K a year, depending on the company.
Forensic Science - A forensic scientist can be specialised in each aspect of science. Scientific techniques are used to test and examine evidence so that it can be used in a court of Law, as well as liaising with police forces, interpreting data and writing witness statements. Forensic scientists usually stay in the laboratory but may visit a crime scene when evidence cannot be removed. The forensic science sector has now been privatised so is made up of several different companies that work on behalf of the police. Salaries can start at £20K, progressing to £45K.
Publication and Communication in Science - As a science writer you'll research, write and edit scientific news, articles and features, for business, trade and professional publications, specialist scientific and technical journals, and the general media. The primary role of an editor is to act as a liaison between the author and the audience. At a scientific journal, the scientists are primarily content editors. Their job is to decide what papers are appropriate to publish in the journal. You may also be known as a scientific journalist, if you report on scientific news for the media and take on a more investigatory, critical role. You can expect to earn £15K in your first year. With experience this can increase to £35K.
After completing a Digital Marketing Management degree, you will be equipped to take on a variety of marketing management and leadership positions including:
Digital Marketing Manager - A digital marketing manager is responsible for developing, implementing and managing marketing campaigns that promote a company and its products and/or services. He or she plays a major role in enhancing brand awareness within the digital space as well as driving website traffic and acquiring leads/customers. Salaries average around £42,500.
Senior Marketing Executive - The Senior Marketing Executive is involved in all aspects of marketing and is responsible for the management of the Marketing Coordinator. This is a key relationship building role and involves regular planning meetings with the senior marketing teams of our preferred retail partners, media, and developing new relationships with potential partners. This would involve external meetings and business development with identified prospective partners. The Senior Marketing Executive is responsible for creating, developing and implementing marketing plans in accordance with the Head of Marketing. Average salary of £32,500.
Campaign Manager - The campaign manager oversees all aspects of the campaign including day-to-day operations, the hiring and management of staff, the coordination and implementation of the fundraising operations and ongoing coordination with the candidate. They are also responsible for creating and managing the campaign budget. Campaign managers must have excellent organizational skills, be level-headed, have good interpersonal skills and not be afraid of raising money. Salaries for Campaign Manager range between £36,798 to £51,917 on average.
SEO Executive - A Search Engine Optimization Specialist is responsible for analysing, reviewing and implementing websites that are optimized to be picked up by search engines. An SEO specialist will develop content to include keywords or phrases in order to increase traffic to website. Average salary is £24,027 across the UK.
PPC Executive - The pay per click executive manages the company’s pay per click campaigns ensuring they are effective at bringing in revenue. Duties such as managing the company's pay per click campaigns, analysis of keyword search volumes to identify strong keywords for campaigns and devising strategies to drive online traffic to the company websites fall under the PPC Executive. The average salary for a PPC Executive is £24,528 per year in the United Kingdom.
Social Media Manager - Social media managers are in charge of representing a company across social channels as the sole voice of the brand. They respond to comments, compile campaigns and create content. These experts provide organizations with the guidance needed to enhance their online presence. The average salary for a Social Media Manager in United Kingdom is £25,831.
Brand Manager - Brand managers use customer and trend research to create strategies that will change how people perceive the brand. This can involve overseeing advertising, design and events. Brand managers are responsible for making sure that branding is consistent across advertising and campaigns. The average salary for a Brand Manager in United Kingdom is £34,609.
A psychology degree can open doors to a range of careers across many industries and sectors.
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