Emeritus Professor David Clark-Carter

Job Title and Responsibilities

Emeritus Professor

About Me

I arrived at Staffordshire University in 1989 after conducting research with deaf and blind people


  • BSc (Hons) Psychology

  • MEd

  • PhD

Professional Memberships and Activities

  • Chartered Psychologist
  • Health Psychologist registered with the Health and Care Professions Council
  • Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Authority
  • Associate Fellow of the British Psychological Society 
  • Consultant Editor of the British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology
  • Member of the Division for Health Psychology of the British Psychological Society
  • Member of the Division for Teachers and Researchers in Psychology of British Psychological Society
  • Member of the History and Philosophy Section of the British Psychological Society
  • Member of the BPS Division of Health Psychology Training Committee


  • Psychological Research Methods

  • Sensory impairment

  • Psychological consequences of long term health conditions

Enterprise and Commercial Activities

Advising on research design and analysis

Research Interests

  • The ways in which psychologists use statistics

  • The psychological consequences of long term health problems

  • How knowing the changes in appearance which could occur as a consequence of smoking could reduce smoking

Selected Publications

Persson, S., Benn, Y., Dhingra, K., Clark-Carter, D., Owen, A. L. & Grogan, S. (2018) Appearance-based interventions to reduce UV exposure: A systematic review. British Journal of Health Psychology, 23, 334–351

Flett, K., Grogan, S.,  Clark-Carter, D., Gough, B. & Conner, M. (2017) Male smokers' experiences of an appearance-focused facial-ageing intervention. Journal of Health Psychology. 22, 422-433

Lord, L. and Clark-Carter, D. & Grove, A. (2016) The effectiveness of communication-skills training interventions in end-of-life noncancer care in acute hospital-based services: A systematic review. Palliative and Supportive Care, 14, 433-444

Semper, H. M., Povey, R. & Clark-Carter, D. (2016) A systematic review of the effectiveness of smartphone applications that encourage dietary self-regulatory strategies for weight loss in overweight and obese adults. Obesity Reviews, 17, 895-906

Gidlow, C, Jones, M, HURST, G, Masterson, D. and Clark-Carter, D., Tarvainen, M., SMITH, G. & Nieuwenhuijsen, M. (2016) Where to put your best foot forward: Psycho-physiological responses to walking in natural and urban environments. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 45, 22-29.

Owen, A. Grogan, S., Clark-Carter, D. & Buckley, E. (2016) Effects of an Appearance-Focussed Versus a Health-Focussed Intervention on Men’s Attitudes Towards UV Exposure. International Journal of Men’s Health, 15. 34-51
Thurgood, S. L., McNeill, A., Clark-Carter, D. & Brose, L. S. (2015) A Systematic Review of Smoking Cessation Interventions for Adults in Substance Abuse Treatment or Recovery. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 18, 993-1001.

Hunt, T. E., Clark-Carter, D. & Sheffield, D. (2015) Exploring the Relationship Between Mathematics Anxiety and Performance: An Eye-Tracking Approach. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 29, 226-231.

Edelstyn, N. M. J., John, C. M., Shepherd, T. A., Drakeford, J. L., Clark-Carter, D., Ellis, S. J. & Mayes, A. R. (2015) Evidence of an Amnesia-Like Cued-Recall Memory Impairment in Nondementing Idiopathic Parkinson’s Disease. Cortex. 71, 85-101

 Blashill, A. J., Williams, A., Grogan, S. & Clark-Carter, D. (2015) Negative appearance   evaluation is associated with skin cancer risk behaviors among American men and women. Health Psychology, 34, 93-96.

 Hunt, T. E., Clark-Carter, D. &, Sheffield, D. (2014) Exploring the relationship between mathematics anxiety and performance: The role of intrusive thoughts.  Journal of Education, Psychology and Social Sciences, 2, 69-75.

Hare, J., Clark-Carter, D. & Forshaw, M. (2014) A randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a cognitive behavioural group approach to improve patient adherence to peritoneal dialysis fluid restrictions: a pilot study. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 29, 555-564. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gft477

Williams, A. L., Grogan, S., Buckley, E. & Clark-Carter, D. (2013) British adolescents’ sun protection and UV exposure awareness.  British Journal of School Nursing.  8, 436-441.

Williams, A. L., Grogan, S., Clark-Carter, D. & Buckley, E. (2013) British adolescents’ experiences of an appearance-focussed facial-ageing sun protection intervention: a qualitative study.  Education and Health, 31, 97-101.

Pulman, J., Buckley, EJ., & Clark-Carter, D. (2013). A meta-analysis evaluating the effectiveness of two different upper limb hemi paresis interventions on improving health-related quality of life following stroke, Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 20, 189-196. doi: 10.1310/tsr2002-189.

Besenius, C., Beirne, K. , Grogan, S., & Clark-Carter, D. (2013). Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) in a Depression/Alcohol Use Disorder Group: A Qualitative Study. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 31, 50-66.

Williams, A.L., Grogan, S.C., Clark-Carter, D., & Buckley, E.J. (2013). Appearance-based Interventions to Reduce UV Exposure and/or Increase Sun Protection Intentions and Behaviours: A Systematic Review and Meta Analyses. British Journal of Health Psychology,18, 182-217. doi: 10.1111/j.2044-8287.2012.02089

Flett, K., Clark-Carter, D., Grogan, S., & Davey, R. (2013). How effective are physical appearance interventions in changing smoking perceptions, attitudes and behaviours? A systematic review. Tobacco Control, 22, 74-79.  doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2011-050236

Williams, A., Grogan, S., Buckley, E., & Clark-Carter, D. (2012). A Qualitative Study Examining Women's Experiences of an Appearance-focused Facial-ageing Sun Protection Intervention. Body Image: An International Journal of Research, 9, 417-420.

Timson, D. Priest, H. & Clark-Carter, D. (2012) Adolescents who self-harm: professional staff knowledge, attitudes and training needs.  Journal of adolescence; 35, 1307-14

Hunt, T. E., Clark-Carter, D. & Sheffield, D. (2011) The Development and Part Validation of a U.K. Scale for Mathematics Anxiety.  Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment 29, 455–466.

Grogan, S., Flett, K., Clark-Carter, D., Conner, M.,  Davey, R., Richardson, D. & Rajaratnam, G. (2011). A randomized controlled trial of an appearance-related smoking intervention. Health Psychology, 30(6) 805-809.

Grogan, S., Flett, K., Clark-Carter, D., Gough, B,  Davey, R., Richardson, D. & Rajaratnam, G. (2011). Women Smokers’ Experiences of an Age-appearance Anti-smoking Intervention: A Qualitative Study, British Journal of Health Psychology, 16(4) 675-689.

Besenius, C., Clark-Carter, D. & Nolan, P. (2010) Health professionals’ attitudes to depot injection antipsychotic medication: a systematic review. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental HealthNursing 17(5) 452-462.

Clark-Carter, D. (2010) Measures of Central Tendency. In E. Baker, P. Peterson & B. McGaw (Eds.) International Encyclopedia of Education (3rd Edn), Elsevier.

Clark-Carter, D. (2010) Quantitative research methods: Gathering and making sense of numbers.  (pp 130-149). In P. Roberts & H. Priest (Eds) Healthcare research: A textbook for students and practitioners. West Sussex: Wiley/Blackwell.

Clark-Carter, D. (2010) Quantitative Psychological research: The complete student’s companion. Hove: Psychology Press.

Hassan, J., Grogan, S., Clark-Carter, D., Richards, H. & Yates, V. M. (2009) The individual health burden of acne: Appearance-related distress in male and female adolescents and adults with back, chest and facial acne. Journal of Health Psychology, 14, 1105-1118.

Patel S, Peacock S. M., McKinley R. K., Clark-Carter D., & Watson, P. J. (2009) General Practitioners' perceptions of the unmet needs for South Asian long term pain patients: A qualitative enquiry. Journal of Health Psychology, 14, 909-918.

Sandhu, H., Singleton, L., Adams, A., Clark-Carter, D. & Kidd, J. (2009) The impact of gender dyads on doctor-patient communication: a systematic review. Patient Education and Counselling, 76, 348–355.
Dovey, T. M., Clark-Carter, D., Boyland, E. J., Halford, J. C. G. (2009) A guide to analysing Universal Eating Monitor data: Assessing the impact of different analysis techniques. Physiology & Behaviour, 96, 78–84.

McCarthy, P., Jones, M. & Clark-Carter, D (2008) Sources of youth sport enjoyment: A developmental analysis. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 9, 142-156.

Patel, S., Peacock, S., McKinley, R., Clark-Carter, D., & Watson, P. (2008) General Practitioners' experience of managing chronic pain in a South Asian community. Family Practice, 25, 71-77.

Clark-Carter, D (2007) Effect size and statistical power in psychological research. Irish Journal of Psychology,  28, 3-12.

Povey, R. & Clark-Carter, D. (2007) Diabetes and Healthy Eating: A Systematic Review of the Literature. The Diabetes Educator, 33, 931-959.

Gratton, L., Povey, R. & Clark-Carter D. (2007) Promoting children’s fruit and vegetable consumption: Interventions using the Theory of Planned Behaviour as a framework. British Journal of Health Psychology, 12, 639-650.

Jowett, S. & Clark-Carter, D. (2006) Perceptions of empathic accuracy and assumed similarity in the coach-athlete relationship. British Journal of Social Psychology, 45, 617-637.

Clark-Carter, D. (2005) The importance of considering effect size and statistical power in research. In J. Miles & P. Gilbert (eds.) A handbook of research methods in clinical and health psychology. (pp. 185-192).  Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Clark-Carter, D. (2005) Catalogue of parametric tests. In B. S. Everitt & D. C. Howell (Eds) Encyclopedia of Statistics in Behavioral Science Vol 1 (pp 207-227). Chichester: Wiley.


Professor David Clark-Carter
School of Life Science and Education
Staffordshire University
Science Centre
Leek Road
t: +44 (0)1782 294515
e: d.clark-carter@staffs.ac.uk
blog: http://blogs.staffs.ac.uk/profdavidclarkcarter