Professor David Clark-Carter

Emeritus Professor

Health, Science and Wellbeing

I arrived at Staffordshire University in 1989 after conducting research with deaf and blind people

Professional memberships and activities

  • Chartered Psychologist
  • Health Psychologist registered with the Health and Care Professions Council
  • Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Authority
  • Associate Fellow of the British Psychological Society
  • Consultant Editor of the British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology
  • Member of the Division for Health Psychology of the British Psychological Society
  • Member of the Division for Teachers and Researchers in Psychology of British Psychological Society
  • Member of the History and Philosophy Section of the British Psychological Society
  • Member of the BPS Division of Health Psychology Training Committee

Academic qualifications

  • BSc (Hons) Psychology

  • MEd

  • PhD


  • Psychological Research Methods

  • Sensory impairment

  • Psychological consequences of long term health conditions

Research interests

  • The ways in which psychologists use statistics

  • The psychological consequences of long term health problems

  • How knowing the changes in appearance which could occur as a consequence of smoking could reduce smoking


Persson, S., Benn, Y., Dhingra, K., Clark-Carter, D., Owen, A. L. & Grogan, S. (2018) Appearance-based interventions to reduce UV exposure: A systematic review. British Journal of Health Psychology, 23, 334–351

Flett, K., Grogan, S., Clark-Carter, D., Gough, B. & Conner, M. (2017) Male smokers' experiences of an appearance-focused facial-ageing intervention. Journal of Health Psychology. 22, 422-433

Lord, L. and Clark-Carter, D. & Grove, A. (2016) The effectiveness of communication-skills training interventions in end-of-life noncancer care in acute hospital-based services: A systematic review. Palliative and Supportive Care, 14, 433-444

Semper, H. M., Povey, R. & Clark-Carter, D. (2016) A systematic review of the effectiveness of smartphone applications that encourage dietary self-regulatory strategies for weight loss in overweight and obese adults. Obesity Reviews, 17, 895-906

Gidlow, C, Jones, M, HURST, G, Masterson, D. and Clark-Carter, D., Tarvainen, M., SMITH, G. & Nieuwenhuijsen, M. (2016) Where to put your best foot forward: Psycho-physiological responses to walking in natural and urban environments. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 45, 22-29.

Owen, A. Grogan, S., Clark-Carter, D. & Buckley, E. (2016) Effects of an Appearance-Focussed Versus a Health-Focussed Intervention on Men’s Attitudes Towards UV Exposure. International Journal of Men’s Health, 15. 34-51

Thurgood, S. L., McNeill, A., Clark-Carter, D. & Brose, L. S. (2015) A Systematic Review of Smoking Cessation Interventions for Adults in Substance Abuse Treatment or Recovery. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 18, 993-1001.

Hunt, T. E., Clark-Carter, D. & Sheffield, D. (2015) Exploring the Relationship Between Mathematics Anxiety and Performance: An Eye-Tracking Approach. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 29, 226-231.

Edelstyn, N. M. J., John, C. M., Shepherd, T. A., Drakeford, J. L., Clark-Carter, D., Ellis, S. J. & Mayes, A. R. (2015) Evidence of an Amnesia-Like Cued-Recall Memory Impairment in Nondementing Idiopathic Parkinson’s Disease. Cortex. 71, 85-101

Blashill, A. J., Williams, A., Grogan, S. & Clark-Carter, D. (2015) Negative appearance evaluation is associated with skin cancer risk behaviors among American men and women. Health Psychology, 34, 93-96.

Hunt, T. E., Clark-Carter, D. &, Sheffield, D. (2014) Exploring the relationship between mathematics anxiety and performance: The role of intrusive thoughts. Journal of Education, Psychology and Social Sciences, 2, 69-75.

Hare, J., Clark-Carter, D. & Forshaw, M. (2014) A randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a cognitive behavioural group approach to improve patient adherence to peritoneal dialysis fluid restrictions: a pilot study. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 29, 555-564. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gft477

Williams, A. L., Grogan, S., Buckley, E. & Clark-Carter, D. (2013) British adolescents’ sun protection and UV exposure awareness. British Journal of School Nursing. 8, 436-441.

Williams, A. L., Grogan, S., Clark-Carter, D. & Buckley, E. (2013) British adolescents’ experiences of an appearance-focussed facial-ageing sun protection intervention: a qualitative study. Education and Health, 31, 97-101.

Pulman, J., Buckley, EJ., & Clark-Carter, D. (2013). A meta-analysis evaluating the effectiveness of two different upper limb hemi paresis interventions on improving health-related quality of life following stroke, Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 20, 189-196. doi: 10.1310/tsr2002-189.

Besenius, C., Beirne, K. , Grogan, S., & Clark-Carter, D. (2013). Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) in a Depression/Alcohol Use Disorder Group: A Qualitative Study. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 31, 50-66.

Williams, A.L., Grogan, S.C., Clark-Carter, D., & Buckley, E.J. (2013). Appearance-based Interventions to Reduce UV Exposure and/or Increase Sun Protection Intentions and Behaviours: A Systematic Review and Meta Analyses. British Journal of Health Psychology,18, 182-217. doi: 10.1111/j.2044-8287.2012.02089

Flett, K., Clark-Carter, D., Grogan, S., & Davey, R. (2013). How effective are physical appearance interventions in changing smoking perceptions, attitudes and behaviours? A systematic review. Tobacco Control, 22, 74-79. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2011-050236

Williams, A., Grogan, S., Buckley, E., & Clark-Carter, D. (2012). A Qualitative Study Examining Women's Experiences of an Appearance-focused Facial-ageing Sun Protection Intervention. Body Image: An International Journal of Research, 9, 417-420.

Timson, D. Priest, H. & Clark-Carter, D. (2012) Adolescents who self-harm: professional staff knowledge, attitudes and training needs. Journal of adolescence; 35, 1307-14

Hunt, T. E., Clark-Carter, D. & Sheffield, D. (2011) The Development and Part Validation of a U.K. Scale for Mathematics Anxiety. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment 29, 455–466.

Grogan, S., Flett, K., Clark-Carter, D., Conner, M., Davey, R., Richardson, D. & Rajaratnam, G. (2011). A randomized controlled trial of an appearance-related smoking intervention. Health Psychology, 30(6) 805-809.

Grogan, S., Flett, K., Clark-Carter, D., Gough, B, Davey, R., Richardson, D. & Rajaratnam, G. (2011). Women Smokers’ Experiences of an Age-appearance Anti-smoking Intervention: A Qualitative Study, British Journal of Health Psychology, 16(4) 675-689.

Besenius, C., Clark-Carter, D. & Nolan, P. (2010) Health professionals’ attitudes to depot injection antipsychotic medication: a systematic review. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental HealthNursing 17(5) 452-462.

Clark-Carter, D. (2010) Measures of Central Tendency. In E. Baker, P. Peterson & B. McGaw (Eds.) International Encyclopedia of Education (3rd Edn), Elsevier.

Clark-Carter, D. (2010) Quantitative research methods: Gathering and making sense of numbers. (pp 130-149). In P. Roberts & H. Priest (Eds) Healthcare research: A textbook for students and practitioners. West Sussex: Wiley/Blackwell.

Clark-Carter, D. (2010) Quantitative Psychological research: The complete student’s companion. Hove: Psychology Press.

Hassan, J., Grogan, S., Clark-Carter, D., Richards, H. & Yates, V. M. (2009) The individual health burden of acne: Appearance-related distress in male and female adolescents and adults with back, chest and facial acne. Journal of Health Psychology, 14, 1105-1118.

Patel S, Peacock S. M., McKinley R. K., Clark-Carter D., & Watson, P. J. (2009) General Practitioners' perceptions of the unmet needs for South Asian long term pain patients: A qualitative enquiry. Journal of Health Psychology, 14, 909-918.

Sandhu, H., Singleton, L., Adams, A., Clark-Carter, D. & Kidd, J. (2009) The impact of gender dyads on doctor-patient communication: a systematic review. Patient Education and Counselling, 76, 348–355.

Dovey, T. M., Clark-Carter, D., Boyland, E. J., Halford, J. C. G. (2009) A guide to analysing Universal Eating Monitor data: Assessing the impact of different analysis techniques. Physiology & Behaviour, 96, 78–84.

McCarthy, P., Jones, M. & Clark-Carter, D (2008) Sources of youth sport enjoyment: A developmental analysis. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 9, 142-156.

Patel, S., Peacock, S., McKinley, R., Clark-Carter, D., & Watson, P. (2008) General Practitioners' experience of managing chronic pain in a South Asian community. Family Practice, 25, 71-77.

Clark-Carter, D (2007) Effect size and statistical power in psychological research. Irish Journal of Psychology, 28, 3-12.

Povey, R. & Clark-Carter, D. (2007) Diabetes and Healthy Eating: A Systematic Review of the Literature. The Diabetes Educator, 33, 931-959.

Gratton, L., Povey, R. & Clark-Carter D. (2007) Promoting children’s fruit and vegetable consumption: Interventions using the Theory of Planned Behaviour as a framework. British Journal of Health Psychology, 12, 639-650.

Jowett, S. & Clark-Carter, D. (2006) Perceptions of empathic accuracy and assumed similarity in the coach-athlete relationship. British Journal of Social Psychology, 45, 617-637.

Clark-Carter, D. (2005) The importance of considering effect size and statistical power in research. In J. Miles & P. Gilbert (eds.) A handbook of research methods in clinical and health psychology. (pp. 185-192). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Clark-Carter, D. (2005) Catalogue of parametric tests. In B. S. Everitt & D. C. Howell (Eds) Encyclopedia of Statistics in Behavioral Science Vol 1 (pp 207-227). Chichester: Wiley.

in the UK for Quality Education

Sustainable Development Goal 4, Times Higher Education Impact Rankings 2023

for Career Prospects

Whatuni Student Choice Awards 2023

for Facilities

Whatuni Student Choice Awards 2023

for Social Inclusion

The Times and The Sunday Times Good University Guide 2023

of Research Impact is ‘Outstanding’ or ‘Very Considerable’

Research Excellence Framework 2021

of Research is “Internationally Excellent” or “World Leading”

Research Excellence Framework 2021

Four Star Rating

QS Star Ratings 2021