Dr Kirsty Squires

Senior Lecturer

School of Law, Policing and Forensics

I am a Senior Lecturer in Forensic Anthropology and I primarily teach in the areas of forensic anthropology and statistics. Since finishing my doctoral research at the University of Sheffield in 2012, I have worked in commercial archaeology as both a field worker and an osteoarchaeologist. During this period, I also worked on a number of field schools that involved teaching students how to excavate and record archaeological skeletal remains. Alongside my work in the field, I acted as a temporary Lecturer in Archaeology at the University of Nottingham from 2013-2014. My research focuses on the analysis of cremated human bone and what it can tell us about burning conditions from both archaeological and modern contexts. I am particularly interested in applying scientific methods that are more commonly used in other disciplines to answer archaeological questions, especially those pertaining to identity in the past and funerary rites.

Professional memberships and activities

  • Fellow of the Higher Education Academy

  • Affiliate of the Chartered Institute for Archaeologists

  • Member of the Society for American Archaeology

  • Member of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology

  • Member of the Society for Medieval Archaeology

  • Student and Outreach Officer of the Society for the Study of Childhood in the Past

Academic qualifications

  • MA Education (distinction) – Staffordshire University 2017

  • PhD Archaeology (‘An osteological analysis and social investigation of the cremation rite at the cemeteries of Elsham and Cleatham, North Lincolnshire’) – University of Sheffield 2012 (funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council)

  • MSc Human Osteology and Funerary Archaeology (distinction) – University of Sheffield 2008 (funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council)

  • BSc (Hons) Archaeology (1st class) – University of Nottingham 2007

Research interests

  • All aspects of forensic anthropology and osteoarchaeology, particularly the analysis and interpretation of burned bone

  • Bioethics The use of body modifications in the identification process

  • The integration of scientific methods and cultural analyses

  • Funerary archaeology

  • Early medieval archaeology

  • Childhood and gender studies

  • Issues relating to gender disparity in Higher Education

Teaching

Undergraduate

  • Facial Recognition (module leader)

  • Bodies of Evidence

  • Techniques in the Identification of Human Remains (module leader)

  • Science for Justice

  • Methods of Crime Detection

  • Crime Scene Documentation

  • Recording the Crime Scene

  • Introduction to Forensic Science

  • Research and Professional Skills

  • Research and Professional Skills for Policing Students

  • Independent Research Project

Postgraduate (Taught)

  • Specialist Topics (Wildlife Crime)

  • Issues, Methods and Ethics in Research

  • Independent Research Project

Current PhD students

  • Esme Hookway: Understanding the Presence of Children in Medieval Hospitals through the Archaeological and Historical Records.

  • Keith Silika: Forensic Archaeological Interdisciplinary Approaches to Clandestine Burials in Zimbabwe

 

Publications

  1. Carroll, E. and Squires, K. E. The application of quantitative petrography and macroscopic colour change in a comparative analysis of Roman and Anglo-Saxon cremation practices. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. https://doi.org/10.1002/oa.2918
  2. Carroll, E. and Squires, K. E. Burning by numbers: The use of quantitative petrography in the analysis of Heat-Induced alteration in burned bone. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 30 (3): 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1002/oa.2902
  3. Hookway, E. and Squires, K. E. A biocultural approach to understanding the presence of children from medieval hospitals in England: What can we learn from archaeological investigations? Children in the Past: An International Journal 13 (1), 38-59.
  4. Squires, K. E. All work and no play? The well-being of children living and working in nineteenth century Staffordshire, UK. Children in the Past: An International Journal 13 (1), 60-77.
  5. Squires, K. E. Commentary: Playing Vikings, militarism, hegemonic masculinities, and childhood enculturation in Viking-Age Scandinavia. Current Anthropology 60 (6). https://doi.org/10.1086/706608
  6. Silika, K. and Squires, K. E. (eds.) 2019. Ethical Issues of Working with Human Remains in Zimbabwe. In: K. E. Squires, D. Errickson and N. Márquez-Grant (eds.) Ethical Approaches to Human Remains: A Global Challenge in Bioarchaeology and Forensic Anthropology. Cham: Springer.
  7. Squires, K. E. Without a Trace? Treatment of Children in Life and Death in the Anglo-Saxon Period (5th – 11th century). In: N. J. Miller and D. Purkiss (eds.) Literary Cultures and Medieval/ Early Modern Childhoods. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
  8. Squires, K. E., Booth, T. and Roberts, C. 2019. Sampling Human Remains and Destructive Analysis: A UK Perspective. In: K. E. Squires, D. Errickson and N. Márquez-Grant (eds.) Ethical Approaches to Human Remains: A Global Challenge in Bioarchaeology and Forensic Anthropology. Cham: Springer.
  9. Squires, K. E., Errickson, D., and Márquez-Grant, N. (eds.) 2019. Ethical Approaches to Human Remains: A Global Challenge in Bioarchaeology and Forensic Anthropology. Cham: Springer.
  10. Squires, K. E., Errickson, D. and Márquez-Grant, N. (eds.) 2019. Introduction. In: K. E. Squires, D. Errickson and N. Márquez-Grant (eds.) Ethical Approaches to Human Remains: A Global Challenge in Bioarchaeology and Forensic Anthropology. Cham: Springer.
  11. Squires, K. E., Errickson, D. and Márquez-Grant, N. (eds.) 2019. Concluding Remarks. In: K. E. Squires, D. Errickson and N. Márquez-Grant (eds.) Ethical Approaches to Human Remains: A Global Challenge in Bioarchaeology and Forensic Anthropology. Cham: Springer.
  12. Squires, K. E. Review: Children, Death and Burial: Archaeological Discourses. Childhood in the Past: An International Journal 11 (1), 57-58.
  13. Squires, K. E. Come rain or shine? The social implications of seasonality and weather on the cremation rite in early Anglo-Saxon England. In J. Cerezo-Román, A. Wessman and H. Williams (eds.) Cremation and the Archaeology of Death. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  14. Thompson, T. J. U., Gonçalves, D., Squires, K. E. and Ulguim, P. 2017. Thermal alteration to the body. In: E. Schotsmans, N. Márquez-Grant and S. Forbes (eds.) Taphonomy of human remains: Forensic analysis of the dead and the depositional environment. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
  15. Catling, G., Squires, K. and Gwinnett, C. 2016. Is Pork a Suitable Substitute for Human Flesh in Cadaver Dog Training? August 2016, 24-27.
  16. Squires, K. E. Neighbours and networks: funerary trends among cremation practicing groups in early medieval England and north-western Europe. In: L. Keys, I. Riddler and J. Soulet (eds.) The Evidence of Material Culture: Studies for Professor Vera Evison. Montagnac: Monique Mergoil.
  17. Squires, K. E. An Osteological Analysis and Social Investigation of the Cremation Rite at the Cemeteries of Elsham and Cleatham, North Lincolnshire: PhD Thesis, University of Sheffield (2011) [data-set]. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor].
  18. Squires, K. E. The use of microscopic techniques in cremation studies: A new approach to understanding the social identity of cremation practicing groups from early Anglo-Saxon England. In T. J. U. Thompson (ed.) The archaeology of cremation: burned human remains in funerary studies. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
  19. Squires, K. E. Review: Tyttels’s Halh: The Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Tittleshall, Norfolk. The Archaeology of the Bacton to King’s Lynn Gas Pipline, Volume 2. Archaeological Journal 172, 477-478.
  20. Squires, K. E. Review: The Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Spong Hill, North Elmham: volume IX. Archaeological Journal 172, 479
  21. Squires, K. E. Through the flames of the pyre: the continuing search for Anglo-Saxon infants and children, 114-130. In: D. M. Hadley and K. A. Hemer (eds.) Medieval Childhood: archaeological approaches. SSCIP Monograph 3. Oxford: Oxbow.
  22. Squires, K. E. 2013 Piecing together identity: a social investigation of early Anglo-Saxon cremation practices. Archaeological Journal 170, 154-200.
  23. Squires, K. E. Populating the pots: The demography of the early Anglo-Saxon cemeteries at Elsham and Cleatham, North Lincolnshire. Archaeological Journal 169, 312-342.
  24. Squires, K. E., Thompson, T. J. U., Islam, M. and Chamberlain, A. 2011. The application of histomorphometry and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy to the analysis of early Anglo-Saxon burned bone. Journal of Archaeological Science 38 (9), 2399-2409.
  25. Squires, K. E. Wasperton Book Review. Assemblage 11 [online]. Available at:

http://www.assemblage.group.shef.ac.uk/reviews/book-reviews

 Blog Entries

  1. Squires, K. International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances: How Can Forensics Assist in the Location and Identification of Victims of Enforced Disappearances [online]. 30th August 2020. https://blogs.staffs.ac.uk/law-policing-forensics/2020/08/19/international-day-of-the-victims-of-enforced-disappearances-how-can-forensics-assist-in-the-location-and-identification-of-victims-of-enforced-disappearances/
  2. Squires, K. The Society for the Study of Childhood in the Past teams up with the Young Archaeologists’ Club and English Heritage to deliver juvenile osteology training sessions [online]. 30th March 2020. https://sscip.org.uk/the-society-for-the-study-of-childhood-in-the-past-team-up-with-the-young-archaeologists-club-and-english-heritage-to-deliver-juvenile-osteology-training-sessions/
  3. Squires, K. and Hookway, E. 2019. SSCIP sponsored session at the 84th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology [online]. 22nd May 2019. https://sscip.org.uk/sscip-sponsored-session-at-the-84th-annual-meeting-of-the-society-for-american-archaeology/
  4. Squires, K. E. A summary of the 11th annual conference of the Society for the Study of Childhood in the Past at the Museum of Natural History in Vienna [online]. 23rd October 2018. https://sscip.org.uk/a-summary-of-the-11th-annual-conference-of-the-society-for-the-study-of-childhood-in-the-past-at-the-museum-of-natural-history-in-vienna/
  5. Squires, K. E. SSCIP outreach events in October 2017 [online]. 7th November 2017. Available at: https://sscip.org.uk/society-for-the-study-of-childhood-in-the-past-recent-outreach-activities/
  6. Squires, K. E. Want to know more about the study of childhood in the past? Follow SSCIP’s outreach activities [online]. 2nd February 2017. Available at:
  7. https://sscip.org.uk/want-to-know-more-about-the-study-of-childhood-in-the-past-follow-sscips-outreach-activities/

 Presentations

  1. Squires, K. and Piombino-Mascali, D. 2020. Ethical Considerations Associated with the Display and Analysis of Juvenile Mummies from the Capuchin Catacombs of Palermo, Sicily. BioantTalks: AnthroEthics in the 21st Online Conference.
  2. Squires, K. E. All in a Day’s Work: The Health and Welfare of Children Living in 19th Century Staffordshire, UK.* Society for American Archaeology 84th Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, USA.
  3. Squires, K. E. It’s all in the detail: How histomorphometry can inform our understanding of identity and funerary rites in the past. 1st CRUMBEL Workshop. Royal Institute of Cultural Heritage, Brussels, Belgium.
  4. Squires, K. E. Early Anglo-Saxon Mortuary Archaeology: What can we earn about identity and society from funerary evidence? Video Lecture. Northern Kentucky University, Kentucky, USA.
  5. Squires, K. E. Why do cremated [subadult] remains matter? A biocultural study of the funerary treatment of children in early medieval northwest Europe. University of Nottingham Guest Lecture Series. University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.
  6. Squires, K. E., Errickson, D. and Márquez-Grant, N. 2018. Ethically Speaking About Ethics. British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology 20th Annual Conference. Cranfield University, Cranfield, UK.
  7. Squires, K. E. We Don’t Need No Education: The Value of Education in 19th century Stoke-on-Trent. Society for the Study of Childhood in the Past 11th International Conference, Natural History Museum, Vienna, Austria.
  8. Hookway, E. and Squires, K. E. Troubled Times: An Investigation into Medieval Hospitals as Places of Refuge for Pregnant Women and Children. Staffordshire University Annual Postgraduate Research Conference. Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, UK.
  9. Hunter, R. J., Squires, K. E., Robertshaw, A., Cassella, J. P., Wright, D. A., Lamont, N. A., Graham, F. C., Ottey, P. and Pringle, J. 2018. Multidisciplinary Investigation to Discern Subsurface Features Evident in and Around Hawthorn Crater and Resulting Implications to the Regional Picture.’ (poster) Annual PostGrad Symposium of the Near-Surface Geophysics Group (NSGG), a Specialty Sub-Group of the Geological Society of London, University of Leeds, UK.
  10. Squires, K. E., Wright, D., Robertshaw, A., Berry, T., Lamont, N., Partridge, J., Graham, F. and Ottey, P. Hawthorn: A Tale of Two Craters, Battle of the Somme. A multi-disciplinary investigation. Public Lecture, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, UK.
  11. Squires, K. E. Children of the Revolution. An Exploration of Children Working in the Pottery Industry in 19th Century Stoke-on-Trent, UK. Society for the Study of Childhood in the Past 10th International Conference, Mexico City, Mexico.
  12. Hookway, E., Squires, K. E. and Cassella, J. 2017. Understanding the Presence of Children in Late Medieval Hospitals, A.D. 1050-1600. British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology 19th Annual Conference. Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK.
  13. Squires, K. E. Time to Take a Rain Check? The Social and Practical Implications of Weather and Seasonality on the Cremation Rite in Early Anglo-Saxon England. Society for American Archaeology 82nd Annual Meeting, Vancouver, Canada.
  14. Squires, K. E. The Study of Cremation in the Past: What is it Good For? Lecture delivered via web conferencing. University of Victoria, Victoria BC, Canada.
  15. Squires, K. E. Preparing for Battle? An Examination of Juvenile Weapon Burials from Early Anglo-Saxon England.** World Archaeology Congress 8th Annual Meeting, Kyoto, Japan.
  16. Squires, K. E. Changing with the Times: An Exploration of Shifting Attitudes and Funerary Treatment of Children from the Roman to Early Medieval Period in Britain. Society for American Archaeology 81st Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, USA.
  17. Squires, K. E. A Time Honoured Tradition? The Effect of Social and Political Change on Funerary Rites in Early Anglo-Saxon England. Society for Medieval Archaeology Annual Conference. University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.
  18. Squires, K. E. Putting Family First: Commemorating Children in Early Anglo-Saxon England. Society for the Study of Childhood in the Past 8th International Conference. DePaul University, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  19. Squires, K. E. The Bare Bones: The Application of Scientific Methods to Environmental Evidence – A Case Study. Northern Kentucky University, Kentucky, USA.
  20. Squires, K. E. He who has the Biggest Pyre? Male Identity in Early Anglo-Saxon England. Manhood in Anglo-Saxon England Conference. University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
  21. Squires, K. E. A Fiery Subject: Can Cremated Bone Provide an Insight into the Social Identity of Cremation Practicing Groups of Anglo-Saxon England? 34th Annual Conference of the Theoretical Archaeology Group. University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.
  22. Squires, K. E. A Biocultural Approach to Identity in the early Anglo-Saxon Inhumation and Cremation Rite. Early Medieval Archaeology Student Symposium. University College London, London, UK.
  23. Squires, K. E. An Analysis of the Construction of Gender and the Lifecycle in the Cremation Cemeteries at Elsham and Cleatham, Lincolnshire. Postgraduate Research Workshop. University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.
  24. Squires, K. E. The Effect of Cremation on Human Bone from an Early Anglo-Saxon Context. Ancient Cremations Workshop. Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.
  25. Squires, K. E. The Effect of Cremation on Human Bone from an Early Anglo-Saxon Context. British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology 11th Annual Conference. University of Bradford, Bradford, UK.
  26. Squires, K. E. The Potential of Cremation Cemeteries in Early Anglo-Saxon Archaeology with Special Reference to the Elsham and Cleatham Cemeteries. Early Medieval Student Symposium. University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.
  27. Squires, K. E. An Analysis of the Construction of Gender and the Lifecycle in the Cremation Cemetery at Elsham, Lincolnshire. Postgraduate Research Workshop. University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.
  28. Squires, K. E. A Biocultural Analysis of the Osteological Remains and Funerary Practices from the Elsham Cremation Cemetery. Biocultural Approaches to Early Medieval Burial Workshop. University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.
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